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Tata Harper Ingredient Glossary
Our high quality ingredients come from around the globe and each has been hand selected by Tata for its unique benefit to your skin.
Definition of Natural
A formula composed of non-GMO plant, mineral, marine, and/or animal ingredients that do not contain petrochemicals and are physically or chemically processed without the use of petrochemicals.
Tata will seek and maintain ECOCERT certifications for all of its ingredients and products.
Non-GMO: Does not contain genetically modified organisms.
Petrochemical: Fully or partially derived from petroleum.
Plant Ingredient: Material is or is derived from a living organism growing in the earth.
Mineral Ingredient: Material is or is derived from a naturally occurring substance formed as a result of geological processes.
Marine Ingredient: Material is or is derived from plants grown beneath sea level or in non-saline stretches of water, e.g. algae.
Animal Ingredient: Materials made by or directly sourced from animals. We use: honey, beeswax, and carmine.
Physically Processed: Utilizing one or more of the accepted physical processes.
Chemically Processed: Using one or more of the accepted chemical processes.
Acceptable Physical Processes
SUPERCRITICAL CO2 ABSORPTION
Using carbon dioxide to remove essential oils and herbal extracts from plants.
A substance taking in another substance. For example, when CO2 is absorbed into a sugar mixture to make soda.
BLEACHING / DEODORISATION
Passing steam through an oil to remove compounds that easily evaporate.
Mixing two substances together until uniform.
Separating substances of different weights by spinning a mixture at high speed.
To deform, pulverize, or force inwards by compressing forcefully.
Separating a substance from a mixture by dissolving it in another material.
Using pressure to force changes between liquid, solid, and gas phases.
Extracting a chemical by boiling plant material, which may include stems, roots, bark, and bulbs.
Allowing liquid components to evaporate from a substance at room temperature.
Using steam or water to remove terpenes (fragrant compounds made from carbon and hydrogen).
DISTILLATION, EXPRESSION or EXTRACTION
Capturing water vapor from a boiling mixture to separate a component that evaporates easily.
FILTRATION and PURIFICATION (ultra-filtration, dialysis, crystallization, ion exchange)
Ultra-Filtration: Using pressure or density to force a material through a membrane to remove solids and/or large molecules.
Dialysis: Separating molecules by the difference in how quickly they pass through a membrane.
Crystallization: Separating a liquid by creating a solid crystal from a component of the liquid.
Ion Exchange: Replacing a charged molecule with another molecule that has the same charge.
Turning a liquid into a solid by decreasing the temperature below the material’s freezing point.
Using a mechanical device, such as a grinder or mill, to decrease the size of particles.
Extracting compounds from plant material by allowing it to soak for an extended period of time, typically in water, oil, or alcohol.
Softening or becoming softened by soaking in a liquid.
Using microwaves and gravity to separate materials like essential oils from a plant.
Filtering fluids through porous materials.
Using hot air to heat material evenly on all sides with an open flame, oven, or other heat source.
SETTLING AND DECANTING
Allowing a mixture to settle and separate by gravity, then pouring off one of the components and leaving the other behind.
Separating and retaining the coarse parts of something with a sieve.
Compressing via balanced inward ("pushing") forces to different points on a material.
STERILIZATION WITH THERMAL
Removing microbes from a material by exposing it to flowing or pressurized steam.
Agitating a material using soundwaves to combine materials or remove a material.
Removing oil from a plant by breaking it in small pieces, cooling to low temperature, and exposing to vacuum and nitrogen gas.
Allowed Chemical Processes
Rearranging the units of a polymer (large molecule made of repeating units) so that it can bind with other molecules.
Replacing a hydrogen molecule with a group of molecules containing carbon and hydrogen.
Adding a molecule containing carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen to a chain of amino acids (the building blocks of proteins).
Applying heat and removing air to break chemical bonds in solid materials like minerals.
Heating plant oil or resin without air to leave behind solid carbon.
Forming a polymer by combining two molecules and ejecting a smaller molecule, usually water, an alcohol, or an acid.
ESTERIFICATION / TRANS-ESTERIFICATION / INTER-ESTERIFICATION
Esterification: Reacting an alcohol with an acid to produce an ester (a carbon and oxygen containing compound) and water.
Transesterification: Exchanging the carbon containing group of an ester with the carbon containing group of an alcohol.
Interestherification: Adding an enzyme (proteins that speed up chemical reactions) to an oil to rearrange the order of a fat molecule
Dehydrating an alcohol to form a molecule consisting of oxygen attached to two carbons.
The chemical breakdown of a substance by bacteria, yeasts, or other microorganisms, typically producing effervescence and heat.
A chemical reaction in which a substance combines with water.
A chemical reaction between hydrogen (H2) and another chemical compound or element.
A reaction in which two molecules join together to form a larger one and eject a water molecule.
A process where dissolved molecules with negative or positive charges are exchanged for other molecules with a similar charge. This is the same process used for water softening.
A reaction where an acid (low pH) and a base (high pH) react to form water and salt.
OXYDIZATION / REDUCTION
Any chemical reaction where electrons are exchanged between two compounds.
The addition of a phosphoryl group (PO3-) to a carbon containing molecule.
A process in which vegetable oils are mixed with lye to produce soap.
Sulphation: The replacement of a hydrogen atom in a carbon containing compound with a sulfate group (SO42-).
Sulphatation: Exposing a material to sulphur dioxide (SO2).
Definition of Non-Toxic
Formula is not known to cause environmental damage or result in non-allergy related injury/illness to people when used as directed.
Scroll to the bottom of the page for our product acronym key.